First Governor General of Pakistan
First Governor General of Pakistan was Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah who was the father of the nation of Pakistan. He took the office on August 15, 1947 and remained in the office till September 11, 1948. After him Khawaja Nazimuddin took the office but remained in the office for a short period of time. There were four governor generals of Pakistan and the last governor general of Pakistan was Major General Sikandar Mirza. The oath of governor general was replaced with President Of Pakistan in 1956 according to the first constitution which was promulgated in 1956.
Achievements of Quaid-e-Azam As Governor General
Liaquat Ali Khan was given the portfolio of the first Prime Minister of Pakistan when Quaid -e- Azam became the Governor General. The member of the Cabinet were selected and their portfolios were allocated by Quaid e Azam on the basis of merit. The Cabinet was broadly representative of the Provinces and also of refugees and minorities.
The administrative reforms brought out by the leader of this nascent state proved beneficial for the future of the country. Following are the steps which he undertook for the administrative betterment of the country as he was of the firm view that Pakistan can thrive if the civil and military bureaucracy help and guide the people to success.
Quaid e Azam retained with himself the control of British Baluchistan through an agent. Karachi was separated from Sindh on his direction and he exercised the executive authority of Karachi through an administrator. He declared Karachi as the capital of Pakistan and the Central Secretariat was established there. He also reorganized the civil service and created the post of Secretary General to work as liaison between the Governor General and other secretaries. Chaudhry Muhammad Ali was appointed as Secretary General. Quaid e Azam established the police system for maintaining law and order through out the country. The police had devoted itself for the security and protection of common citizen of Pakistan. He ordered for the establishment of Federal Court to deal with the important matters. Later on the Federal Court was converted into Supreme Court of Pakistan. Pakistan was an infant state and it had no constitution to run the affair of state. So Quaid e Azam adopted the Indian Independence Act 1947 and modified it according to State requirement.
He appointed Sir Archbald Rowlands as his financial adviser. The new coins and currency Notes were issued on January 3, 1948 which replaced the old coins. State Bank of Pakistan was established under the direction of Quaid e Azam. He himself inaugurated the Bank on July 1,1948. In inaugural address he emphasized on the need the Islamic economic system and said the adoption of western economic theory and practice would not help us in achieving our goal of creating happy and contented people. A board of directions was appointed taking representatives from public sector as well from private. In industrial field Quaid e Azam wanted to see Pakistan on the road of progress . He laid the foundation of Walika Mills on September 26,1947 in West Pakistan and an Oil Mills on February 2,1948 in East Pakistan. These steps helped the country the to achieve the financial progress and prosperity.
Quaid e Azam gave great importance to education. With the establishment of Pakistan, he set afoot a movement for spreading up of education and opening up more schools…. Primary and secondary. But education in Pakistan was provincial subject and most of the administrative units were responsible bodies. Nevertheless, his influence was felt throughout the country and educational institutions came up rapidly for realizing his dream. Quaid e Azam had special regard for students. Quaid e Azam while addressing the All Pakistan Educational Conference in Karachi held on November 27, 1947, said
The Muslims could not give proper attention to education due to foreign occupation on the sub-continent. Therefore, Muslims were backward in proper education . This is the time that the students should give proper attention in specializing in all fields of education.
Dearest to Quaid e Azam’s heart werePakistan’s Defence Forces, as they played heroic part during the influx of refugees. Like other services the Defence Force also had no amenities as India refused to deliver Pakistan’s share of military stores. The Military personal toiled voluntarily in providing shelters, medicines and all other possible help to the refugees. He visited some units of Armed Forces. He said, while addressing the establishment ofH.M.P.SDilawar, “The weak and defenseless in his imperfect world invite aggression form other. The best way in which we can being weak and therefore being attacked. The temptation can only be removed if we make ourselves so strong that nobody dare entertain aggressive designs against us.
Quaid e Azam also emphasized on the need of modern equipment for the defense of the country . He said that the latest arms were necessary forPakistanto defend it form the aggression of foreign country. Thus, he emphasized on the provision of latest equipment for the army.