First Prime Minister of Pakistan: Liaquat Ali Khan
Liaquat Ali Khan was the first prime minister of Pakistan. Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan (1 October 1895 – 16 October 1951) was a Pakistani politician who became the first Prime Minister of Pakistan as well as Minister for Foreign Affairs & Commonwealth, Kashmir Affairs and Defence. Previously, he was the first Finance Minister of India in the interim government of India prior to the independence of both India and Pakistan in 1946. Quad-e-Azam (The Founder of Pakistan) himself nominated him as PM by virtue of his position in Muslim League.
As Prime Minister, he could not enjoy the true powers as Jinnah was not the titular head of the state. It was because of the transfer of powers of Governor General to PM that he started to exercise full powers according to India Independence Act 1947. He brought many economic, administrative, legislative and industrial amendments which proved beneficial for the newly born state. Some of his achievements as Prime Minister are described under;
Pakistan needed economic empowerment after independence so Liaquat Ali Khan encouraged the Muslim countries to invest in the country. He was also successful in boosting the exports of Jute and food items to many countries at a time when India refused to buy Jute from Pakistan. The first PM of Pakistan also encouraged industrial growth by importing seven textile mills from Japan and by announcing a new Industrial Policy.
Some administrative measures were also introduced by Liaquat Ali to run the government and administration effectively. He dismissed Mamdot when he was not willing to reconcile with Mumtaz Daultana and Noon. He appointed Abdul Rab Nishter as the governor of Punjab. One of his best contribution was to eliminate the differences between the ministries and administration for betterment working.