A mountain is a land form that rises high above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. Generally, mountains are higher than hills. The height of a mountain is more than 600 meters and those landforms which are less higher than 600 meters are called hills. Almost 24% of the area of Earth is covered with mountains. The largest mountain range in the world in Himalaya which is situated in Asia. Other mountain ranges are present in Europe, North America, South America, Australia and Africa. The science of mountains is called Orography.

Mount Everest Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world as measured by the height of its summit above sea level, which is 8,848 meters or 29,028 feet. It is also called Chomolungma or Qomolangma in Tibetan language and Sagarmatha in Nepali. Other than weather and climbing sickness, Everest does not pose any serious challenge to its climber.
K2 K2 is the second highest mountain in the world. It is also called Godwin Austin. It is located in the Karakoram segment of the Himalayan range, on the border between the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China.However, those who climb K2 must acquire entry via Pakistan as the Chinese side is inaccessible.
Kanchenjunga Kanchenjunga is its Nepali name while it is calles  SewaLungma in Limbu language and it is the third highest mountain in the world (after Mount Everest and K2) with an altitude of 8,586 metres (28,169 feet). Kangchenjunga is generally regarded as the highest mountain in India and the second highest peak in Nepal.Kangchenjunga translated means “The Five Treasures of Snows”, as it contains five peaks, four of them over 8,450 metres.
Lhotse Lhotseis named officially in Nepal, in China officially Lhozê; it is the fourth highest mountain on Earth and is connected to Mount Everest via the South Col. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 metres above sea level, Lhotse Middle (East) is 8,414 metres and Lhotse Shar is 8,383 metres. It is located at the border between Tibet (China) and Nepal.
Makalu Makalu (in Nepal) is the fifth highest  mountain in the world and is located 22 km (14 miles) east of  Mount Everest, on the border between Nepal and Tibet. Makalu is an isolated peak whose shape is a four-sided pyramid. Makalu has two notable subsidiary peaks. Kangchungtse, or Makalu II, 7,678 m (25,190 ft) is the second peak. Makalu is the only Nepalese 8,000 m peak which has yet to be climbed in true winter conditions.
Cho Oyu Cho Oyu is also known as Qowowuyag and lies in Nepal. It is the sixth highest mountain in the world. Cho Oyu lies in the Himalayas and is 20 km west of Mount Everest, at the border between China and Nepal. Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan. Cho Oyu was first climbed on October 19, 1954 via the northwest ridge by Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jöchler and Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama of an Austrian expedition. Cho Oyu was the fifth 8000 metre peak to be climbed. Cho Oyu is a beautiful ice-covered peak in Nepal and it is the 4th highest in this country. It is a difficult peak to climb as it is popular for its difficult track.
Dhaulagiri Dhaulagiri is the seventh highest mountain in the world. It forms the eastern anchor of the Dhaulagiri Himal, a subrange of the Himalaya in the Dhawalagiri Zone of north central Nepal. It lies northwest of Pokhara, an important regional town and tourist center. Across the deep gorge of the Kali Gandaki to the east lies the Annapurna Himal, home to Annapurna I, one of the other eight-thousanders. Dhaulagiri means “White Mountain”.
Manaslu Manaslu is also known as Kutang and also it is the eighth highest mountain in the world, located in the Mansiri Himal, part of the Nepalese Himalayas. Manaslu is derived from the Sanskrit word Manasa and is translated as “Mountain of theSpirit”.Manaslu is the highest peak in the Gurkha massif and is located about forty miles east of Annapurna, the tenth highest mountain. Manaslu was first climbed on May 9, 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition.
Nanga Parbat Nanga Parbat is the ninth highest mountain on Earth. It lies in The Great Himalayas in Pakistan. It is the second highest peak of pakistan after K2. Nanga Parbat means “Naked Mountain” in Urdu, parbat deriving from the Sanskrit word parvata  meaning “mountain”. Nanga Parbat was one of the deadliest of the eight-thousanders for climbers in the first half of the twentieth century; since that time it has been less so, though still an extremely serious climb. It is also an immense, dramatic peak that rises far above its surrounding terrain.
Annapurna Annapurna as pronounced in Sanskrit which is Nepali old language, it is a series of peaks in the Himalaya, a 55 km (34 mi)-long massif whose highest point, Annapurna I, stands at 8,091 m (26,538 ft), making it the 10th-highest summit in the world and one of the 14 “eight-thousanders”. It is located east of a great gorge cut through the Himalaya(Nepal) by the Kali Gandaki River, which separates it from the Dhaulagiri massif. (Dhaulagiri I lies 34 km/21 mi west of Annapurna I.) Annapurna is a Sanskrit name which is translated as Goddess of the Harvests. In Hinduism, Annapurna is a goddess of fertility and agriculture and an avatar of Durga.
September 5, 2009 | Mohsin Ali | No Comments | 571 views