Economy of India 2010: India is a country, constituting about one-fifth of the total population of this financially crunched global world. India is rich in variety of weather, people and culture–the elements necessary for making progress by leaps and bounds. The second, population wise, biggest country India, have both prose and cons of her human resources, but been utilizing she has been utilizing the available manpower efficiently since the very inception of 1990s by letting herself to be an open market economy. The growth rate of India economy was averaged 7% between 1990 and 1997. Despite of India’s attachment was achieved through the open economy strategy, India is continuously going up on the graph of economic growth except the years eclipsed by the global financial crises 2007-08. From 2009, again, economic growth is in an increasing order.
What the Indian economy, would be in 2010, it can be foretold by peeping into the previous year’s performance coupled with the global trends. A number of industrial giants and titanic banks have been swept by the financial crisis of the first decade of the 21st century. Many European and American states are still under the clouds of the great crisis but India has came out of this economic laberinth because of its cautious banking policies. The diversity in the ingredients of economy also helped to shatter the crisis up.
The deficit in 2009 was 6.8% GDP, this year it seems to be shrinked because the volume of both exports and imports has been in decreased from 187.9 billion to $ 155.1 billion and $ 315.1 to $ 232.3 billion respectively. On the other hand the reserves of foreign exchange and gold have been increased from $ 254 billion to $ 282 billion in 2009. It will pillow the tired traveler of economy, hopefully, in 2010. India is an agrarian country. The agriculture composed 17.5% of GDP last year, a surge in agri-production is seemed because of the increase subsidies, by the Indian government, for the formers to let him know the new techniques of harvesting.
Industrial sector of India is composed of two folders – modern and huge industries and handicrafts. The successful escape from financial crisis has saved the Indian huge industrial sector. Although the production this year will not be more than that of the proceeding one but the normal profit above the break, would be expected as the crisis has not long lasting impressions on both the industrial and agricultural sectors. The service sector is also safe and sound. The share of services in 2009 was estimated as 62.8% of GDP which is expected to be expanded to be expanded up to 70% of GDP because of a shrinkage in the industrial production. The central bank of India has adopted a strict chain of policies to control the inflationary impact by modifying the fiscal and monetary policies.
The unemployment rate in 2009 and 2008 was 9.5% and 9.1% respectively. It will increase in 2010 by 0.5% because of less volume of manufactures. Unemployment is not only increased in India alone, it is a universal trend which has enveloped the whole of America, Europe and Asian tycoons.
Foreign debt of India increased by $ 3 billion over last years. It is very favourable increase in debt for a country like India, with a huge population and a permanent involvement in warlike activities. The defense budget is slicing a big chunk away from the development section.
India has also proposed a limited privatization of government-owned industries in part to offset the deficit. India’s long term challenges include inadequate physical and social infrastructure, limited employment opportunity and sufficient basic and higher education. In the long run, however, the huge and growing population is the fundamental social, economic and environmental problems. Overall Indian Economy Overview 2010 shows positive trends.

July 18, 2010 | Adnan Khan | No Comments | 767 views